A (non-technical) person in the office asked (in patronizing tone):
Our project does not include JQuery UI I was reluctant to add it just for the slider feature. jquery-ui-1.10.3.js is 436kb!! Even the minified version jquery-ui.min.js is a whopping 228kb and you also need the CSS file (another 32kb): jquery-ui.css (So unless you need several of Jquery UI’s features, loading 260kb on a mobile device is going to be painfully slow!)
I tried building a custom JQuery UI script with just the bare essentials: http://jqueryui.com/download/ but this was still140kb+!
My first search for a solution took me to StackOverflow:
But none of the answers solved the problem satisfactorily. All of them require a CSS file which overrides styles we have in our project! We need a lightweight solution that only adds touch support and no styles!
Double & Triple Top/Bottom Patterns in Binary Trading
A double and triple top /bottom pattern is much similar to a Head & Shoulder (top/bottom) pattern in the sense that a price violation above or below (depending on the pattern) the neckline confirms the pattern. However, unlike a Head & Shoulder pattern, the peaks and troughs in the double and triple top/bottom formations are of approximately equal height.
A trader who is well accustomed in identifying a Head & Shoulder pattern discussed in our earlier article would find it easy to locate a Double and Triple top/bottom patterns on a chart. Once located, a trader can capitalize on the impending movement by trading a suitable binary option contract. However, an important point to remember is that a double and triple top/bottom pattern has a success rate of less than 50%.
Identifying a Double Top Pattern
A double top is a bearish reversal pattern. It is seen at the end of an uptrend in the price of an asset. The pattern consists of two peaks of almost similar height. A neckline is drawn by connecting the reaction lows of the first and second peak. A price below the neckline confirms the pattern. Additionally, the reversal would be sharp once the price breaks the neckline. The distance between the highest point of the peak and reaction low is computed and subtracted from the latter to arrive at the probable price target. A double top pattern is identified based on the following rules:
The highest price in the second peak would be in the range of 3% to 4% from the high of the first trough.
There will be a 10% to 20% decline from the first peak.
The second peak should not be taller than the first peak.
Traded volume should increase when the price breaks below the neckline (reaction lows / support level).
There should be a time gap of at least few weeks between the formation of the first and second peak.
Setting Up a Binary Option Trade
1 min / 30 min / 1hr trade
A binary option trader can purchase a put option with expiry period of 1min, 30min or 1hr, once the reaction low, which acts as the support level, is broken. Since a double top formation can extend into a triple top pattern, a conservative entry is always recommended to beginners.
On the other hand, after the formation of the second peak, a high risk trader should watch for a rise in volume during the decline in price. If the volume and momentum increases considerably during the decline then a put option can be purchased with the expectation of a below the support level.
Once the neckline is broken, a conservative trader should act very quickly as the price decline will be sharp. Since entry price matters a lot in binary options trade, all details (probable target price and order size) related to the trade should be kept ready while monitoring for a .
As far as a confirmed double top pattern is concerned, there is almost negligible chance of reversal before the expiry of 1min, 30min or 1hr options contract.
Any unexpected news favoring a price rise would result in a trend reversal thereby making the binary options contract expire out of money.
One touch put options trade
A binary options trader can purchase a one touch put options contract once the price breaks below the support level of a double top formation. The two important points to be considered before entering a one touch put options trader is as follows:
Volume: Should be remarkably higher when the price breaks below the reaction low. Momentum should be strong as well.
Probable price target: The one touch put option price target set by the broker should be comparable to the probable price target calculated using the distance between the neckline and the peak price.
If the above requisites are satisfied then a one touch options trade can be taken with confidence.
A high risk trader can enter a trade when the price declines after forming the second peak. The volume should be distinctively higher than what it was earlier. If not, the pattern may extend into a trip top formation.
If the price decline is not steep enough to touch the one touch put option target price set by the broker then the contract will expire out of money.
Double one touch options trade
Instead of a one touch put option, a binary options trader can buy a double one touch options contract when the price breaks the support level of a double top formation. The double one touch options contract should be considered only when there is a major news announcement, which can force the price steeply in any direction.
Similar to a one touch put options trade, the volume should noticeably increase for entering into a double one touch options trade as well. The contract will end in the money as long as the momentum favors a strong price reversal or further decline in price. Only a stunted price movement will result in a loss. A trader can enter a double one touch options trade when the price starts declining (with a rise in volume) after the second peak formation.
No touch options trade
If a trader is confident of the double top pattern then a ‘no touch option contract’ can be bought under two situations.
To add up to the existing one touch put options trade. If the price reverses due to unexpected news then there will be a loss in both the trades.
When the momentum is not strong then a trader would be in a dilemma as to whether the decline would be deep enough to reach the price target (for one touch put options) set by the broker. Under such circumstances a no touch options trade can be purchased.
As long as the price does not reverse, a trade taken after the breakdown of the neckline of a double top pattern will result in a profit. Since there is no price target to be hit during decline, a trader can be devoid of worry as long as the price does not show signs of reversal.
Similar to other binary option trades, a high risk trader can enter a no touch options trade when the price declines after the formation of the second peak. Needless to say that volume should rise along with a favorable momentum.
Double no touch options trade
If the price remains range bound because of weak momentum and lack of rise in volume, a trader can purchase a double no touch options contract. As long as the momentum and volume scenario remains unchanged, the trade will expire in the money. Any high impact news announcement can lead to an abrupt rise in volume coupled with a gain in momentum. Under such circumstances, the trade will end in a loss because of a sharp decline or reversal in price.
Spotting a Double Bottom Pattern
A double bottom is a bullish reversal pattern seen at the end of a price down trend. A confirmed double bottom pattern is ‘W’ shaped and results in a quick price reversal.
A double bottom pattern consists of two approximately equal troughs with a peak in between. A neckline is drawn by connecting the reaction highs of the troughs. The price reversal (and uptrend) is confirmed when the price breaks above the neck line. The criteria to be satisfied for confirming a double bottom pattern is as follows:
The lowest price in the second trough would be in the range of 3% to 4% from the low of the first trough.
There will be a 10% to 20% recovery from the first low.
The second trough, under no case, should be lower than the first trough.
Volume should rise along with the break above the neckline (resistance/reaction highs).
There should be at least a time gap of few weeks between the first and second trough formation.
Setting Up a Binary Option Trade
The characteristics of a double bottom pattern are similar to that of a double top pattern. However, the price breaks above the neckline thereby ending the prevailing downward trend. Thus, all binary option trades can be taken (as described in the image below) when the price breaks above the reaction high (neckline).
Locating a Triple Top Pattern
A triple top is a bearish reversal pattern, which develops after a prolonged uptrend in the price of an asset. Obviously, as the resistance remains intact after being tested for three times, this rarely seen pattern is much more reliable than a double top pattern. A triple top pattern is made up of three consecutive stand alone peaks of rarely equal spacing. A break below the lowest reaction low initiates a downtrend in price. A triple top pattern should satisfy the following conditions.
The triple highs should be more or less the same.
The volume should increase when the price breaks below the reaction low (support line).
Setting Up a Binary Options Trade
1 min / 30 min / 1hr trade
In the case of a triple top pattern, once the lowest of the reaction low is convincingly broken, a binary options trader can purchase a put option with an expiry period of 1min, 30min or 1hr.
It should be remembered that the volume will not show any formidable rise when the price starts declining after the formation of the second peak. This technicality sets it apart from a double top pattern and indicates that another peak is very much a possibility. So, a trader must show patience while trading a triple top pattern.
The volume will start rising after the formation of the third peak. A conservative trader can enter a binary option trade with expiry of 1min, 30min or 1hr once the lowest of the reaction low is broken. traders can enter a binary options trade as soon as they can identify an appreciable rise in the volume during the decline after the formation of the third peak.
The price decline, after the neckline is broken, will be rapid. Thus a conservative trader should not waste any time in entering a trade. Once the support level is broken, there is a very little chance for a trend reversal within the expiry period. Thus, the probability of success is higher if the entry is made at the right time. Only unexpected news triggering a trend reversal can result in a loss.
One touch put option
A binary options trader can purchase a one touch put options contract once the price breaks below the support level of a triple top formation. The two important points to be considered before entering a one touch put options trade is as follows:
Volume: The volume should be significantly higher when the price starts declining after the formation of the third top. The momentum should complement the volume.
Probable price target: The put option price target set by the binary options broker should be greater than or equal to the probable price decline calculated using the distance between the peak price and the lowest reaction low in the pattern.
As mentioned earlier, a high risk trader can purchase a one touch put options contract when the price starts falling after the formation of the third peak. However, it must be remembered that the volume should be rising during the price decline. If otherwise, a trader should restrain from entering the trade. If the decline is not deep enough to hit the price target set by the broker then the trade will result in a loss.
Double one touch options trade
Instead of a one touch put option, a binary options trader can buy a double one touch options contract when the price breaks the support level of a triple top formation. The double one touch options contract should be bought only when there is a scheduled news announcement, which is expected to increase volatility.
Again, the volume should appreciably increase during the of the lowest reaction low. The contract will end in the money as long as the momentum is strong enough to fuel a decline in price or trigger a sharp price reversal. Only a halted price movement will result in a loss of trade.
A high risk trader can enter the trade when the price starts declining after the formation of the third top.
No touch options trade
A confirmed triple top pattern can be used to enter a ‘no touch option contract’ as per the details below.
To make magnificent gains from the trade, a no touch options trade can be combined with an existing one touch put options trade. If the price reverses due to unexpected news then there will be a loss in both the trades.
If the momentum is not strong (and volume is not appealing) then a trader would not be sure as to whether the decline (after breaking the lowest reaction low of the triple top pattern) would reach the price target (for one touch put option) set by the broker. Under such circumstances a no touch options trade can be purchased.
As long as there is no trend reversal, a trade taken after the breakdown of the neckline of a triple top pattern will expire in the money. With no target price to be achieved, a trader can remain comfortable after taking the trade as long as the price does not show signs of reversal.
Similar to other binary option trades, a high risk trader can enter a no touch options trade during the price decline after the formation of the third peak. Volume should be rising along with a favorable momentum.
Double no touch options trade
Only when the price remains range bound (weak momentum and lack of rise in volume) after breaking the neckline (lowest reaction low) of a triple top formation, a trader should consider taking a double no touch options trade. As long as the momentum and volume scenario remains bleak, the trade will end up in a profit. A rise in volume accompanied by a gain in momentum would result in a sharp decline or major reversal and ultimately the contract will expire out of money.
Recognizing a Triple Bottom Pattern
A triple bottom is a bullish reversal pattern which develops after a steep in price. Again, a triple bottom pattern, which is not frequently seen by a trader, is much more reliable than a double bottom pattern since the support is tested thrice. A triple bottom pattern is made up of three consecutive stand alone troughs, which may or may not be equally spaced. A price break above the highest reaction high triggers an uptrend. To confirm a triple bottom, the following conditions should be satisfied:
The triple lows should be more or less the same with a clear distinction of points.
The volume should increase when the price breaks above the reaction high.
Setting Up a Binary Option Trade
A triple bottom pattern exhibits characteristics similar to that of a triple top pattern. The only difference is that a triple bottom pattern is a bullish reversal pattern. Thus, the price would break above the neckline thereby triggering an uptrend. Thus, all binary option trades, as shown in the tabular column above, can be taken when the neckline is broken.
Even though, the details discussed here looks complex, practically, binary option trades can be taken with relative ease and confidence as long as a trader can identify the pattern (and neckline). Additionally, a trader should develop the capability to trade a suitable binary option contract.
You may also be interested in learning about other chart patterns that can be used to trade binary options:
7 Binary Options
In today’s article, we will be explaining using Fibonacci retracement tools in range bound binary options trading in order to find the appropriate levels for put and call options. Specifically, we will be discussing how to use the Fibonacci retracement tool to identify when to use the traditional high/low option and when a one-touch option would be a better choice.
Identifying a Trading Range
The first thing a trader has to learn is how to identify a trading range. This is when the price movement of an asset is stuck within a certain range; this is also known as an asset being ‘range bound’. In range-bound trading, the price of an asset is said to be moving sideways. The best way to identify a trading range is by a visual analysis of a chart.
The above is a basic example of an asset that is currently range bound; the top line is known as the ‘resistance’ level and the bottom is known as the ‘support’ level. To fully determine if the asset’s price is range bound, there must be at least 2 high points and 2 low points with the highs and lows being parallel to each other.
Range Bound Trading Risks
Since an asset that is range bound creates predictable price movements, it is possible to formulate profitable trading strategies subsequent to identifying a trading range, such as with the Fibonacci retracement tool. Before we delve into that, we must first elaborate on the main risk of range bound trading; namely breakouts.
A breakout occurs when the price of an asset, instead of merely testing the support and resistance levels breaks through them. This can leave a trader holding worthless options; for example, if a trader buys a put option when the price nears the resistance levels in anticipation of a price drop but the price breaks out of the range and keeps increasing instead, then the put options are rendered worthless. Similarly, if a trader buys call options when the price nears support levels in anticipation of a price increase but the price breaks out of the range and keeps decreasing, then the call options are also out of the money.
Further, there is no real way to determine when such price breakouts will occur, and many traders have been left holding worthless options in such cases. As we have repeatedly stressed, there is no such thing as guaranteed strategies in trading; even the most technically sound trading strategies will not and cannot be 100%.
Splitting a Trading Range Using Fibonacci Retracements
Price breakouts aside, as long as the asset is still range bound; there are definite opportunities for profitable trading. While the strategy seems obvious – call options near support levels and put options near resistance levels we will go a little deeper than that.
First, the theory behind Fibonacci retracement levels, which are all based on the ‘golden mean’ of 1.618 or its inverse, 0.618. There are 5 Fibonacci retracement levels to know: 23.6%, 38.2%, 50.0%, 61.8%, and 76.4%. For background reading on the brief history of the Fibonacci sequence and the source of the various Fibonacci retracement levels, this article is an excellent resource.
Let’s take a look at our previous chart example, but now with the Fibonacci retracement levels mapped out. Note that this is just a rough visual example, and further, for the purpose of this range-bound trading strategy, we are excluding the 38.2% and 61.8% retracement level. A good trading platform should come with a built-in Fibonacci retracement tool option.
So, in terms of call and put options, whenever the price of the asset is between the 0% and 50% level, the lower half of the range, we will be looking at purchasing call options and when it’s between the 50% and 100% level, the upper half of the range, we will be looking at purchasing put options. This is the most basic strategy at the heart of range-bound trading and the 50% level represents the first split in the range that we can utilize.
Now we split the range even further, utilizing the 23.6% and 76.4% retracement levels to determine the best type of option to use in the situation. The general rule is the following: when the price touches the 23.6% level or the 76.4% level, we will be looking at purchasing one touch options with the strike price of the one touch option being the 50% retracement level. One the other hand, when the price of the asset touches the support or resistance levels (0% and 100%) then we will be looking at the traditional high/low options (calls and puts, respectively) with longer expiration dates. Let’s illustrate this on our chart once more (using only the lower half of the range to avoid visual clutter).
If you would like to split the range even further, then the 38.2% and 61.8% levels can be reintroduced. Note for instance on the second ‘one touch’ level from the left of the chart that depending on your expiration date, the price may not reach the 50% level, however it would have reached the 38.2% level. We can see this also at the top half of the chart where at certain points when the price touches the 76.4% level that a strike price at the 61.8% level would have been more appropriate.
While Fibonacci retracement levels are an excellent technical analysis tool in range bound trading strategies, it is not the be-all-end-all or even 100% certain. Nevertheless, it is an effective tool in a trader’s arsenal and all traders should at least have a surface level knowledge of Fibonacci retracements.
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