What Are Trading Tools and How To Use Them

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What are Trading Robots? (And why should I build them?) (Part 1)

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What is Trading?

Everybody is familiar with the term “trading”. Most of us have traded in our everyday life, although we may not even know that we have done so. Essentially, everything you buy in a store is trading money for the goods you want.

At tradimo you will learn how to trade the financial markets online – but exactly what is online trading? This article will give you an understanding of how trading can be defined and how online trading works.

The principles of trading

The term “trading” simply means “exchanging one item for another”. We usually understand this to be the exchanging of goods for money or in other words, simply buying something.

When we talk about trading in the financial markets, it is the same principle. Think about someone who trades shares. What they are actually doing is buying shares (or a small part) of a company. If the value of those shares increases, then they make money by selling them again at a higher price. This is trading. You buy something for one price and sell it again for another — hopefully at a higher price, thus making a profit and vice versa.

But why would the value of the shares go up? The answer is simple: the value changes due to supply and demand – the more demand there is for something, the more people are willing to pay for it.

Increase in demand means an increase in price

We can explain this using a simple everyday example of buying food. Let’s say you are in a market and there are only ten apples left on a stall. This is the only place where you can buy apples. If you are the only person and you only want a couple of apples, then the market stall owner will most likely sell them to you at a reasonable price.

Now let’s say that fifteen people enter the market and they all want apples. To make sure that they will actually get them before the others do, they are willing to pay more for them. Hence, the market stall owner can put the price up, because he knows that there is more demand for the apples than supply of them.

Once the apples reach a price at which the customers think they are too expensive, they will then stop buying them. When the market stall owner realises that he is not selling his apples anymore because they are too expensive, he will stop raising the price and it may come back down to a level, at which customers will start to buy the apples again.

Increase in supply means a decrease in price

Let’s say that suddenly another market stall owner comes into the market and has even more apples to sell. The supply of apples has now increased dramatically. It stands to reason that the second market stall owner may want to sell apples at a cheaper price than the first stall owner to entice customers. It also stands to reason that the customers would probably want to buy at the lower price.

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Seeing this, the first stall owner will most likely bring his prices down. The sudden increase in supply has therefore brought the price of the apples down.

The price at which demand matches supply is called the “market price”, i.e. the price level at which both the market stall owner and the customers agree on both a price and number of apples sold.

Application to the financial markets

The concept of supply and demand is the same in the financial world.

If a company posted some great results and is paying very good dividends, then more people want to buy the shares of the company. This increased demand will lead to an increase of the price of those shares.

What is online trading?

For a long time financial trading was purely conducted electronically between banks and financial institutions. This meant that trading in the financial markets was closed to anyone outside of these institutions. With the development of high speed Internet, anyone who wanted to become involved in trading was able to do so online.

Almost anything can be traded online: stocks, currencies, commodities, physical goods and a whole host of other things – at this stage, you do not need to worry about all of these. For now, just keep in mind that if something can be traded, it will be traded. Out of all of these markets, the forex market is the largest. Almost $4 trillion worth of currency is traded every single day – this is bigger than any stock exchange anywhere in the world.

Forex Price Action Wicks – How to Understand and Trade Them

Verified Profitable Trader

-How To Trade With Wick Patterns In FX
-How Many Candlestick Wicks Confirm A Rejection?
-Does The Opening & Closing Of Candlesticks Matter?

A key topic that orbits around price action trading is “how do I trade with candlestick wick patterns in the forex market?” The problem with this question is it comes with some misunderstandings about price action, order flow and what wicks really communicate.

The goal of today’s article is to give you a new perspective on trading price action wicks that most ‘internet gurus‘ won’t tell you. It is to give you an understanding of candlesticks, what they communicate and how to relate and trade them.

We’ll give you this understanding and how to trade with candlesticks through 4 key points on forex price action wicks .

But before we get into trading wicks, we have to understand the foundation of where our approach comes from.

Key Point #1: The Difference Between Price Action & Candlestick Trading

I approach trading from a particular perspective that a) order flow is the proximate driver of price action , and b) all activated orders in the market are based upon ‘information‘.

NOTE: If you want to learn more about how I trade price action context, click here.

But to simplify it, trading price action ‘context‘ is trading the overall ‘structures‘ or ‘Gestalt‘ of the market. And you cannot get this through 1, 2 or 3 candles.

People who trade based upon 1, 2 or 3 candlestick patterns, such as pin bars, or fakey’s, or engulfing bars are candlestick traders.

Fun Fact: The fakey pattern or setup, is really called the Hikkake pattern, given that name decades ago, which today many forex ‘gurus’ have renamed to make them sound like their own.

Regardless, candlestick pattern traders are not ‘price action traders‘. They are ‘candlestick traders’. Essentially, candlestick pattern traders believe 1, 2 or 3 candlesticks define the price action context and order flow in the market, and thus give you trade setups.

But ask yourself, why do many key support or resistance levels hold without a pin bar rejection. Why would it do that if the pin bar is such a superior tool for recognizing and ‘confirming‘ whether the key support or resistance level will hold? Why do banks, hedge funds, and prop traders place orders at particular prices well before a pin bar has ever formed, and not based upon the New York close daily charts?

NOTE: If you want to learn why a typical pin bar entry is a retail entry, click here.

When you start to ask these questions, the foundation for trading pin bars and candlestick patterns breaks down. That leaves you with trying to understand the underlying order flow in the market. And you do this by learning to read and trade price action context.

This is how we approach the market.

Now that we have this foundation, we can move on to how do we relate to forex price action wicks (or any wicks)?

Key Point #2: All Wicks Are Rejections of Value

When you look at the essence of what a wick represents in terms of the price action and order flow, you come to the conclusion that all wicks are a communication. They communicate that the order flow was rejecting that pricing and value .

If the market accepted it, it would close there, and remain there.

However, there is a ‘but’ in there. The ‘but’ is while wicks in the forex market = a rejection of value, they are not for defined periods of time or defined moves in pips .

What I mean by ‘not for defined periods of time‘ is a) beyond the close of their candle, and b) they are not going to define how long the market will reject that move or value from that moment forward.

What does give you this information? Price action context.

The goal of price action context is to give you a ‘probabilistic framework‘ for what the market is more likely to do. Wicks will not give you this information, nor give you a probabilistic framework for how to trade this.

Hence you have to come back to price action context.

The most essential point to understand here is forex price action wicks (or any wicks) = a rejection, but we cannot understand how that rejection will manifest, so we have to take these as a grain of salt.

What this also means is that 1, 2 or 3 candlestick wicks will not ‘confirm’ a rejection of a specific kind (which is what we want if we’re going to trade said ‘confirmation’ or rejection).

Key Point #3: Opening And Closing Of Candlesticks Do (And Do Not Matter)

Wait a minute, how can the opening and closing of candlesticks ‘matter’ and ‘not matter’? Let me explain.

In very ‘particular’ circumstances, the opening and closing of candlesticks will matter. Such as:

1) if you are trading some sort of ‘opening’ gap strategy
2) if you are trading specific types of breakouts
3) if you are trading specific candlestick patterns

There could be a few more circumstances, but by and large, the majority of time, the opening and closing of candlesticks do not matter.

What matters more is order flow and price . This is why most institutions, hedge funds, and prop firms know their price ahead of time, regardless of the close. They know where they want to get in, and where they want to get out, regardless of the candle being open or closed.

Hence the opening and closing of candlesticks matter, but on a limited scale.

Key Point #4: How Do You Trade Forex Price Action Wicks?

There are many ways I relate to forex price action wicks (or any wicks) in my trading, but I’ll give you a couple wick trading strategies below.

Trading Strategy For Wicks #1: With Trend Wicks Will Be More Reliable (or ‘probable’) Trading With Trend vs Counter Trend

If a wick represents on a base level some sort of ‘rejection’, which side is most likely to ‘reject’ the price or value? The with trend players, or counter trend players?

With trend is the answer. With trend players are more often controlling the market and order flow, so they’re more likely to reject a price effectively cause they’re largely in control.

I personally like seeing with trend rejections on pullbacks heading into a level because they are showing a more ‘probabilistic framework’ of order flow in the market.

Below is an example of a good chart showing this on the USDCAD 4hr chart.

Notice how the majority of the wicks and rejections with trend hold, while the counter-trend rejections fail?

Below is another good example of a chart on the 4hr USDJPY chart.

Hence when trading, if you are trading with trend, wicks rejecting price in your favor make your trade more ‘probable’, while trading counter trend are less ‘probable’.

If you wan to learn more about trading with a probabilistic mindset, click here.

Trading Strategy For Wicks #2: Clean Wick Rejections Off Key Support or Resistance Levels Are Best

What do you mean by a ‘clean’ rejection or wick off of a key support or resistance level?

While I relate to support and resistance as ‘zones‘ of order flow, sometimes they line up super well to where you can clearly see price is rejecting off a very specific price and value.

Case in point, take a look at the USDCAD 4hr chart from mid-October last year to mid-Jan this year (

You can see in the chart above, the price action rejected off of the key resistance level near 1.2913 six times in a 3 month period with almost every rejection happening within a few pips of each other, and the biggest break being only 7 pips.

When price rejects very ‘cleanly‘ off of a key support or resistance level, they become more ‘probable‘ of a legitimate rejection.

Not all charts and key levels will look like this, but they do often in many price action structures, and can be good for building your ‘probabilistic framework‘ for understanding price action context and the order flow behind it.

You can see another example of this below with the USDJPY daily chart.

Notice how 3 of the 4 rejections were almost at the same price with only one breaking by a small amount?

There are many other ways to understand wicks and rejections in the price action, but these are two good methods to work with that I use personally and trade profitably with my own money.

In Summary

Forex price action trading wicks (or wicks in any market) are important to understand, particularly from the perspective of order flow and price action context. Wicks ‘communicate‘ at a base level ‘rejection‘, but they do not by nature determine any rejection to follow through.

However there are ways you can use wicks in your trading price action, particularly the two methods I mentioned:

#1 – with trend wicks add to your ‘probabilistic framework’ better than counter trend wicks
#2 – clean wick rejections off of key support and resistance levels also add to your ‘probabilistic framework’ for trading

Now Your Turn

What did you learn from this free trading article? Do you feel you understand candlestick trading wicks, rejections and how they work in forex applications?

Make sure to leave your comment below, along with share this via Twitter or Facebook with those you think can benefit from this.

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Verified Profitable Trader

Hi, I’m Chris Capre, founder of 2ndSkiesForex. I’m a verified profitable trader and trading mentor. As a professional trader, I specialize in trading Price Action and the Ichimoku cloud. As a trading mentor, I have one goal: to change the way you think, trade and perform using 18 years of trading experience and cutting edge neuroscience to wire your brain for successful trading. Want to improve your trading edge and mindset? Check out my trading courses here.

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